16 Jan Whether synthetic sweeteners such as aspartame are harmful in low-sugar or sugar-free beverages?
In 1982, Diet Coke was a new sugar-free cola using aspartame as a sweetener. Then PepsiCo also changed the formula of Light Pepsi and replaced saccharin with aspartame.
Aspartame is the same as saccharin. The taste after dilution is not exactly the same as ordinary sucrose, but the sweetness is 150-250 times that of sucrose. And the calories are extremely low. In 1965, a chemist inadvertently licked his finger while synthesizing an anti-ulcer drug and discovered the potential of aspartame as a sweetener.
The reason why Coke Company replaced saccharin was mainly because of the bitter aftertaste of saccharin. Which has been criticized by consumers, and the sweetness of aspartame is more durable.
Although the Chinese Ministry of Health, the European Food Safety Administration (EFSA), and the US FDA have repeatedly tested the safety of aspartame and confirmed its edible safety. However, there is no less controversy than saccharin.
Aspartame is non-toxic
As a result, the scientific community launched various animal experiments. Even if 4000 mg of aspartame per kilogram was fed daily, the bodies of rats, mice, hamsters, and dogs were not abnormal.
Another study published in 2013 is more in line with our needs. This study collected all the published epidemiological cases of aspartame between January 1990 and November 2012. Which was found that is not related to digestive system cancer, breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, and kidney cancer. There is no correlation, nor does it show any correlation with vascular problems and premature fetal delivery.
In other words, aspartame is non-toxic. (Except for patients with phenylketonuria, patients with this genetic disease have poor ability to metabolize phenylalanine, and the decomposition of aspartame contains phenylalanine. Generally, the outer packaging of beverages containing aspartame will Indicate that patients with phenylketonuria are not suitable for drinking).
The amount of synthetic sweeteners added to low-sugar or sugar-free beverages is not harmful.
In fact, the content of aspartame in a can of Diet Coke or Pepsi is less than 200mg, and the content of aspartame in a can of Coke zero is less than 100mg.
In the WTO evaluation results, the maximum allowable intake of aspartame is 40 mg per kilogram of body weight per day, which is equivalent to a 60 kg adult who can drink 12 cans of Diet Coke or 24 cans of Coke Zero per day.
For modern people who are still worrying about drinking 2L of water a day, whether it is 12 cans of Coke (equivalent to 4L) or 24 cans (equivalent to 8L), it sounds like a fantasy.
So far, in addition to aspartame, synthetic sweeteners such as sucralose, sodium cyclamate, and acesulfame potassium have passed safety tests and are widely used in food. In fact, their addition to low-sugar or sugar-free beverages is far from enough to cause harm.